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     "Time and health are two valuable treasures that we do not recognize and we do not appreciate until they are exhausted"

Walter Disney

     Amber is an unusual resinous mineral which, apart from its indisputable aesthetic properties, has been the subject of interest for health professionals, aesthetic medicine and cosmetologists for many years. In order to reach the beginning of the analysis of amber compounds with medicine, one should go back to antiquity, where amber was widely used in folk medicine [1,2]. It was thought that it protects against fever, tonsillitis or sore throat. In the Arab world, he was a panacea, considered to be effective in various kinds of ailments [3]. Amber was used in various forms, solid, liquid, powdered or resin (after heating).

     One of the breakthrough dates is the year 1546, when G. Agricola, a German mineralogist and physician, obtained succinic acid via dry distillation [4]. Today, it is a well-studied substance and widely used in medicine or cosmetology. Baltic amber contains about 3-8% of it, mainly in external weathered or "amber bark".

      Succinic acid is a natural catalyst for cellular transformations and can therefore have significant properties for our health. Scientific research confirms the action of acid as a biostimulant. It stimulates the nervous system, regulates the functioning of the kidneys and intestines, is an anti-inflammatory and antitoxic agent. It can also be effective in the treatment of diseases of the nervous system, bronchitis, rheumatic diseases and asthma [3].

      Amber is also often used for the production of tinctures, which may be used for prevention of myocardial pain, problems with blood circulation, blood pressure or heart failure [3,5].

      Whereas modern cosmetology uses the bactericidal and antioxidant properties of amber. Succinic acid can act as a means of slowing or completely inhibiting the loss of ions, including potassium.

      Ointments, oils and amber creams are created (for rheumatic, asthmatic or irritation). On the basis of amber, whole lines of preparations for face, body and hair care are produced. They support the fight against bacteria and free radicals, and mitigate the effects of burns and insect bites [3]. Creams improve the hydration and greasiness of the skin, increase its firmness and elasticity. They clearly reduce the roughness of the skin and the depth of wrinkles, regenerate the tired skin, stimulate its metabolism and prevent the formation of free radicals. Cosmetics are also attributed to soothing anxiety and nerves [3].

      The use of amber for our health is therefore extremely wide. Both for our physical and mental health. In addition, beautiful amber jewelery can improve our appearance, shape our image, and thus affect social perception and well-being [6,7,8].

   We cordially invite you to visit the Amber Museum in Krakow.



[1] Kosmowska-Ceranowicz B. (2012). Bursztyn w Polsce i na świecie. Warszawa: UW.

[2] Bursztynowe inspiracje. Pomorska regionalna organizacja turystyczna. Pobrano ze strony: http://ustka.travel/flipbooks/pdf/bursztyn_prev_12cvt6jc48plfq2yxyez3q.pdf

[3] LITOTERAPIA Bursztyn - najstarsze lekarstwo. Łyczkowski K. Cukrzyca a zdrowie.

[4] Koziorowska L. (1984). Badania nieorganicznego składu chemicznego bursztynu. Archeologia Polski t.XXIX, s.207-235.

[5] Ogrodnik Z. (2008). Nalewki na zdrowie. Białystok: Studio Astropsychologii.

[6] Zaleśkiewicz, T. (2012), Symboliczna natura pieniędzy: ujęcie psychologiczne. Chowanna, nr specjalny, s. 109-121.

[7] Cialdini R. (2013). Wywieranie wpływu na ludzi. Teoria i praktyka. Gdańsk: GWP.

[8] Wojciszke B., (2004). Człowiek wśród ludzi. Zarys psychologii społecznej. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar.

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     Jacek Baron's new collection - he seduces you from the first look.

      Sometimes one look is enough to let you be seduced by the charm of sophisticated jewelry. Instead of struggling with this feeling, it is better to enjoy the senses with the beauty of the form, nature and artistry of the artist.

      This is exactly what the latest collection of Jacek Baron offers. It is important that there are no two identical forms, and the uniqueness of the products is emphasized by the artist with subtle and meticulously made bonds of the highest quality metals and ores.

      In the latest collection, Jacek Baron eagerly reaches for floral and zoomorphic motifs, and his hallmark is modern and avant-garde bindings that surprise with original concepts. Jewelry is hand-made, which makes it possible to extract a unique splendor and the unique beauty of amber.

      The Jacek Baron brand is a synonym of modern design and elegance. By purchasing signed jewelry, you can be sure of the uniqueness of the product.

      Unique jewelry requires a unique packaging. Each element bearing the name of Jacek Baron is placed in a specially designed wood with an amber-like structure. Inside there is a certificate confirming the authenticity of the model.

      We invite you to successful purchases of the latest collection!



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 Today's article aims to present the silhouette of Jacek Baron, one of the precursors of avant-garde amber jewelery, not only in Poland, but also in the world. We invite you to the history of an innovative amber art, dating back to the 1980s.

      Jacek Baron has been designing and creating jewelery for over 30 years, and today his works are a considerable resource for several important muses and art galleries, including our Krakow Amber Museum.

      Today's hero began in the 80s, when there was a fashion for amber "eyes" in frames of blackened silver with floral motifs. During this period of drought on the market and the lack of modern jewelery art, there was the idea of creating something groundbreaking. Jacek Baron introduced a combination of silver sculptural forms with modern designs, previously unheard of, often of caricature size. Amber in these works complemented and emphasized form. A new approach to amber art has resulted in positive reviews both in Poland and abroad.

      In addition to shape, form or size, the art of Jacek Baron from the beginning distinguished the uniqueness and precision of the finish. It is so unique that one of the cuts of stone used by the artist bears the name "Baron Cut." The author individually adjusts the cut and binding, which makes each of his jewelry unique.

      In addition, the artist created a collection of mechanical jewelry. This means that amber in the jewelry of Jacek Baron creates modes that spin. Imagine a jewelry that can be set in motion! It is possible and available at your fingertips in our museum.

      The described achievements of Jacek Baron in the field of jewelery make that the author should be boldly regarded as one of the most important artists of the amber world. It is also worth emphasizing that they are not mass-produced works, and each product has its unique contribution, which emphasizes the uniqueness and individuality of the offered works.

We invite you to read the latest collection of Jacek Baron, about which you can read in the article: "The new collection of Jacek Baron."

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     Amber is one of the oldest and most popular materials used in jewelry, moreover, it is the first decorative mineral used on a mass scale in history. It was known in antiquity, being the object of trade for the majority of Europeans living then. The transport of contemporary amber went through a large part of Europe, the so-called "amber trail".

     Amber is an element of Polish culture, as evidenced by even the largest mineral trade fair in the world, held every year in Gdansk, in addition, Poland is the world's largest producer of amber jewelery, and the products are popular all over the world. The popularity of resin that has been preserved for centuries, as well as the prestige and quality of amber jewelery, means that there is still a lot of demand for it. Unfortunately, the opportunity to trade in artificial amber is also popular. So how to distinguish real mineral from imitation?

     Real, natural amber has special physical and chemical properties. Some of them can be easily checked in home conditions, and some require specialized tests.

The most important features of amber:

amber is light, but heavier than the weight of water, amber floats in salt water. Therefore, the home method of verification may be a brine technique, which consists of salting the water and throwing amber into it - it will float.

- the so-called. musk breakthrough - chipped amber is associated with a clam shell or has a stepped structure.

- another method of verification is the burning of amber. The ignited amber burns, emitting a characteristic resinous smell. An interesting fact is that one of the names of the mineral - Bernstein "burning stone" comes from this property. Baltic amber should smell nice, pleasant resinous scent, kapals have an intense, aromatic scent, and imitations smell like plastics. The resinous scent is also felt when a hot needle is applied to a real succinite. In addition, small, pulling threads will appear on the needle.

- amber has electrifying properties, so when rubbing it with a suitable material, eg wool, we stimulate these properties and amber can attract small objects. It is interesting that these electrical properties are reflected in the scientific nomenclature, because the electron from Greek means amber.

Baltic amber on the Mohs hardness scale is located between plaster and calcite. On the scratched amber surface, a white crack and fine crumbs form, while plastics after scratching form spirally coiling chips.

Baltic amber is warm and light to the touch, imitation is usually heavier and cold.

Amber reacts poorly with solvents (eg acetone) while the imitations quickly dull and the surface becomes sticky.

     Thus, there are possibilities to verify the naturalness of amber in home conditions. However, they are not always 100% effective or safe, arson lighting can damage the natural beauty of jewelry, and they are not parameterized methods.

     One of the most effective and used in the world research methods of succinite and other resins is infrared absorption spectroscopy. In Poland, infrared spectra are obtained by two methods - transmission and reflection.

     In the Amber Laboratory operating at the Amber Museum in Krakow, the reflection method is used in the spectrometer with the ATR attachment. It is a fast, effective and most importantly non-invasive method of identifying Baltic amber as a raw material and products made of it. Infrared spectrometry includes the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation in the range between the visible region and the microwave area, i.e. between 14300 and 200 cm-1 (0.7-50 μm). Infrared absorption spectroscopy uses the phenomenon of selective absorption of infrared radiation by various substances. Absorption takes place when the frequency of infrared radiation vibrations is equal to the frequency of natural vibrations of their atoms or their coordination groups.

     The effect of the analysis is a certain diagnosis of the authenticity of amber. San also provides the basis for issuing the certificate of authenticity. Therefore, we invite you to purchase our certified, and above all natural, pros. In addition, our museum offers the opportunity to test the authenticity of products and conduct expert opinions for individuals, companies, offices and institutions. We invite you to cooperation!

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     "Nature is always smarter than human ideas" A. Kępiński

     We cordially invite You to the summer garden of the Amber Museum at Św. Jana 2 in Cracow.

     In the heart of the tourist city of Cracow, You will find a quiet and peaceful place where You can experience the history and culture of amber in the company of nature, flowers and beautiful greenery.

     The garden is available every day from 10 to 20. We invite You for fresh coffee and cold drinks!

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